How to write a test strategy

The purpose of writing test strategy is to outline the strategic plan how test effort will be conducted for the project.  This is usually done at the beginning of Project Development Life Cycle (SDLC) where high level system architecture and processes are being identified.  some examples of documentation required for this document are:

  • What is the project scope i.e. what business function to be delivered
  • System architecture i.e. 3-tied business logic and/or integration with other new or existing system locally or remotely

The scope of test strategy focuses on the following areas:

  • Scope outlining goals, test processes such as defect management, team responsibilities including Business Analyst, Project Manager, Release Manager Developer and Tester
  • Outline a mechanism for handling and responding to feedback from stakeholders on testing progress and outcomes
  • Provide guidance to stakeholders involved in testing

When writing a test strategy the following aspects should be considered:

  • Testing objectives
  • Testing guidelines
  • Testing approach i.e. Requirement Driven Testing
  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Levels of testing
  • Test requirements i.e. test artifacts such as functional specifications, acceptance criteria and test scenarios
  • Test deliverable
  • Entry and exit criteria
  • Defect management i.e. what to do when a defect is reported
  • What test reports will be provided
  • Test environment information and migration procedures
  • Test Constraints
  • Test Risk including project and product risks


Dear readers,

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